I got my divorce in Idaho but have since moved to Utah. Will the courts in Utah now be in charge of handling child support matters and are they required to follow the laws of Idaho? Or will I now be following the statutes in Utah?
While I am not licensed to practice law in your state, I can give some general guidance on this issue.
The full faith and credit clause, which is found in Article IV of the United States Constitution, requires that a state court enforce a final judgment in a dissolution of marriage action, entered in another state. The other state, though, must have had jurisdiction to enter the final judgment.
Generally, a court must enforce a child support order from another state entered in accordance with the federal act 28 U.S.C. § 1738B. Under the act, a court has jurisdiction to modify a child support order from another state.
However, a child support order from another state may not be modified by the new state unless the other state no longer has jurisdiction and the case is transferred to the new state. In Florida, where I am licensed to practice, we call this domestication of the foreign state judgment.
Depending on the issue to be addressed, a state no longer has jurisdiction if the child and/or the parents have left the state, there is a more convenient forum, or the parents agree the new state should have jurisdiction. In order to domesticate a judgment to the new state, there are specific procedural steps which must be computed.
Therefore, if Idaho had jurisdiction to enter the final judgment in your divorce, it will more than likely be recognized in Utah. I am not sure if you are seeking to modify or enforce the child support matters in Utah so I would encourage you to contact a domestic litigation attorney licensed in both areas who can examine the full details of your situation. Cordell & Cordell has attorneys who are licensed and located in Utah who would be happy to discuss your case with you in detail.